Water Treatment

Sedimentation

Sedimentation on waste treatment plays an important role. Sedimentation is a process which aims to separate solids from a liquid so that the liquid is free of solids based on the principle of gravity. This is important because water discharged into the environment should not contain solids according to the Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Sugar Factory or Power Plant?

Although new reserves of oil shale are still abundant, petroleum will eventually soon be exhausted. In addition, political instability in some oil-producing countries makes an erratic supply of oil. Coal reserves and heavy oil (residues), still sufficient to meet the needs of the next few years, but the resulting air Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Avoid Losses in Clarification Process – 1

Having automation installed, we can expect that the process can run smoothly. And if the operation control is good enough, the juice will enter to the clarifier at the appropriate flow, temperature, pH and flocculant concentration. However, there are still other problems to note, namely fluctuations in the quality of Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Measurement of Sugar Quality

When we talk about sugar production, quality control always plays an important role to maintain sugar crystal quality. To be able to control the quality, we must know which parameters are important in the process. The most important parameter is sucrose (sugar) concentration in the solution. Sugar content shall be Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Cane Sugar Production – Refining

ICUMSA has classified sugar into several categories. The highest grade is grade A which has very tight standard. Partial requirements of this standard are as following: ICUMSA             :            45 RBU Polarization       :            99.80% Min Ash content       :            0.04% Max To reach the above parameters it is necessary Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Cane Sugar Production – Crystallization

As mention previously, impurities can hinder crystallization process. In the past, before clarification process is matured, a lot of loss generated in this process due to crystal growth failure. The quality of sugar was also not good due to impurities attached to the crystal. The next processes are as following. Read more…

By microwave, ago
Sugar

Cane Sugar Production – Clarification

In this chapter, we continue with next step of cane sugar processing. In previous milling step, we obtain fresh cane juice as final product. To obtained safe consumable sugar, fresh cane juice shall undergo a clarification process before evaporation and crystallization process. Clarification Process This step contains mainly impurities removal Read more…

By microwave, ago